The standard bibliography resource for students from high school to graduate school has been Kate Turabian’s Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, which is an adaptation of the Chicago Style Manual. When listing sources in a bibliography at the end of a research paper, precision and accuracy are significant. Keep a copy of your sources close by to refer to as you type your citations.
Listing Books: Single Author and Numerous Authors
Type the author’s surname, then a comma followed by his or her given name. End with a period.
Type the title of the book, capitalizing all major words and ending with a period. Highlight the book title and turn it into italic text.
Type the name of the city where the book was published, followed by a colon.
Type the publisher’s name, a comma, and the year of publication. End with a period.
Compare to this example: Ehrman, Bart D. Misquoting Jesus: The Story Behind Who Switched the Bible and Why. Fresh York: HarperOne, 2005.
Coming in two authors requires an «and» inbetween the very first and 2nd authors’ names. The 2nd author’s name, however, is written given name, middle initial if applicable, then surname. End with a period.
Coming in more than two authors in your source list goes after the same pattern with a comma inbetween each author’s name.
Listing a Magazine or Journal Article
Inject the author’s surname followed by a comma, then the given name followed by a period.
Inject the title of the article, capitalizing all major words, with a period at the end. Place quotation marks around the title, including the period.
Come in the name of the magazine in italic text, followed by a comma.
Come in the date in month, day, year format followed by a period. Compare to this example: Oberg, James. “How We’ll Probe the Solar System.” Astronomy, January 2011.
When creating a journal entry, go after the same pattern except that after the journal’s name, you type the volume and issue number, the year in parentheses, a colon, the specific page numbers you’re referring to and then a period. Compare to this example: Meers, M. B. “Maximum Bite Force and Prey Size of Tyrannosaurus Rex and their Relationships to the Inference of Feeding Behavior.” Historical Biology: A Journal of Paleobiology 16 no. 1 (2003): 1-12.
Listing a Website
Type the author’s surname, a comma, his or her given name, then a period.
Inject the title of the web page followed by a period, all enclosed in quotation marks. The very first letter of each major word in the title is capitalized.
Come in the title of the website followed by a period. The very first letter of each major word in the title is capitalized.
Type the exact URL. It must include the “http://” element.
Type in the word «accessed» followed by the date in month, day, year format, all within parentheses. Compare to this example: Newman, William L. “Radiometric Time Scale.” Geologic Time. http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/geotime/radiometric.html (accessed March 23, 2011).
- Print out “Turabian Quick Guide” and refer to it as needed.
- Get a friend to do a final edit of the bibliography as it is often difficult to see your own mistakes.
About the Author
Bill Atkinson, a retired English and computer science teacher, has been a professional writer since 2011. He has written numerous learning guides for students in Visual Basic and Web design and has developed several Web sites on the Cariboo Gold Rush and the Cottonwood Roadhouse in British Columbia. Bill holds a Master of Education in educational psychology.